The Wonders of Polystyrene

Polystyrene is one of the most popular plastics produced today. It is used in a variety of industries, for the production of materials as diverse as packaging for shipping to thermal insulation for homes. There are several types of polystyrene, each offering unique properties influenced by the process used to produce the plastic.

Extruded polystyrene foam (sometimes referred to by the Dow Chemical brand name, Styrofoam) is an amazing material for construction work or any insulation needs. The extrusion manufacturing process produces a “closed cell” type of plastic, a material with an exceptional degree of mechanical strength which also offers excellent water resistance and low thermal conductivity. Low thermal conductivity makes extruded polystyrene an ideal material for insulation in buildings and other applications. The closed cell structure offers high water resistance allows for usage even in wet or humid environments like might be encountered on roofs, walls or even in refrigerated environments where condensation is a leading concern.

Extruded polystyrene is lightweight, nontoxic and easy to work with. It can be cut and bonded with no hassle, giving construction workers the ease of use that lets them get the job done quickly and efficiently. Even very large sections are lightweight and easy to handle, while still managing to provide amazing mechanical strength, high compression strength and impressive thermal insulation properties. Polystyrene insulation is a favored building material, widely used worldwide in private and commercial applications.

Today polystyrene insulation can be found in almost any building. It is used as the structural core and insulation in walls, floors, roofs, refrigerated trucks, cold rooms, and a multitude of other applications. Its useful water resistant properties have even seen polystyrene used as an effective flotation device in the early days of its development, but its most successful applications have been found in building insulation. Buildings insulated with polystyrene can be much more effectively heated or cooled. The low thermal conductivity makes sure your building retains the heat when its cold but can also breath and release heat when its hot.

Architects and contractors have found ways to make polystyrene work for them outside the construction site. It is often used as a material for architectural models. Similarly, it has found applications in the hobbyist recreational model market. While marketed primarily as a building material, the range of possibilities for extruded polystyrene is only limited by your creativity. It has been used by great effective in unorthodox and exciting new ways by tinkerers and inventors the world over.

The production of extruded polystyrene materials is a careful process that has a history spanning back nearly two hundred years. It is a tale of mind boggling advances in chemistry, engineering and modern manufacturing. Today, modern polystyrene products are the result of decades of work by some of the most brilliant minds of the last two centuries. The combination of all this genius has produced an ideal high quality plastic material which provides enough mechanical strength and proper thermal conductivity properties to serve as one of the essential pieces of the modern contractors toolkit. Polystyrene is an invaluable tool which the world would look quite different without.

Plantar Fasciitis Treatment Options

Plantar fasciitis is extremely common affecting around 10% of the adult population at some time in life. Commonly plantar fasciitis is associated with heel spurs however on x-ray only 50% of patients with plantar fasciitis have evidence of calcification through the heel (DiMarcangelo, 1997).

Commonly plantar fasciitis symptoms start as an awareness or ache in the morning. Relief treatment can be quite simple at this time however if it is left, these symptoms will often slowly progress to pain that significantly impacts quality of life.

When targeting plantar fasciitis symptoms your practitioner will guide you through the best strategy or combination of strategies to help relieve and control your individual pain. At Body Leadership Australia we recommend a multimodal approach utilising a number of different treatment options.

Soft Tissue Release
Tightness of the muscles surrounding the foot have been found to pull hard enough on the bones that they alter the natural shape of the foot and ankle often leading to plantar fasciitis pain. Accordingly, release techniques and stretching of the lower limb muscles can have an effect on decreasing symptoms associated with plantar fasciitis.

Stretching
Strategic stretching of the calf muscles and Achilles tendon or on the plantar fascia itself can decrease pain associated with plantar fasciitis. You should get a program tailored to your individual needs.

Orthotics
Orthotics can help to relieve the effects of plantar fasciitis. Changing the weight load through the foot can allow the inflammatory response to settle by supporting the foot appropriately.

Night Splints (Strassburg Sock)
The use of a night splint can reduce recovery time compared to the same protocol utilising standing stretches through the calf.

Cortisone
Cortisone was always a last resort due to potential complications and pain post injection. Now with ultrasound guidance outcomes have improved and we see them used more effectively. Cortisone options can be discussed with your health care professional.

Surgery
A number of studies found 75% to 95% of patients had long term improvement as measured by various criteria. Up to 27% of patients still had significant pain, up to 20% had some activity restriction, and up to 12% had moderate pain that impaired function (Brown et al., 1999; Davies et al., 1999; Fishco et al., 2000). Surgical options are always a last resort.

Once your pain is treated and controlled it is important to understand your individual factors that predispose you to plantar fasciitis which can be explained by your physiotherapist. You can then be taught a home program to release tension, particularly through the calf as well as the foot to nip problems in the bud. This can also be optimised using home exercises to improve strength for better control of your biomechanics long term.

If you, your friend or family member suffer from plantar fasciitis please do not hesitate to contact one of our friendly Brisbane sports physiotherapists on 07 3847 8040. Our Brisbane sports physios can also provide treatment from our Brisbane Sports Physiotherapy practice.

The Best Retaining Walls in Mackay

If you need retaining walls , be sure to use Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes. These retaining walls are sure to last you a long time. The soil it contains will not erode and it will not break down. It ensures that you have more control over the land that you build on, and ensures the safety of the people who live and go near it.

First of all, the company’s services are fast! You would not believe it. Other companies might take a long time to construct retaining walls, making a lot of noise and raising so much dust that you might not want to be near there, much less live there, while it is being built. The Block Blokes can build your retaining walls in a fraction of the time, letting you do more.

The construction materials are all made locally. There will be no extra costs because of shipping and transport because all of the things the company will use are available nearby. This reduces the cost substantially – shipping and transport can get really expensive depending on the weight, fragility, and other factors of the cargo.

Speaking of costs, Mackay Fencing will save you a lot compared to other companies. Not only will they save you so much time, they will save you half of the money – or more! You could spend the money you saved on other developments for your property – to make it look good, to give it more facilities and protection, et cetera. The type of retaining walls that Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes uses is the cantilever style, which uses a lot fewer materials than the gravity wall.

The people at Mackay Fencing care a lot for your aesthetic tastes. Your property deserves to look the best it can, after all. Mackay Fencing’s the Block Blokes have a variety of designs that you can choose from so that your new retaining walls will not look plain, drab, or God forbid, dirty. Among their designs is wood texture, if you want the walls to contain a garden; blocks, for that friendly, clean look; lined slate, for a no-nonsense secure impression, and more. You could have them leave it as a clean, flat, blank wall so that you could paint your artworks on it yourself if you so wished. Their walls look good and clean – only the best for their customers.

If you are worried about your retaining walls getting destroyed by nasty little creatures, then you have nothing to fear. Mackay Fencing can guarantee that your walls are fully protected against termites and pests. Rats and other vermin are going to crack their teeth on your new retaining walls if they try to gnaw on it. You won’t soon be seeing holes or cracks in your restraining walls if you use Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes.

In case you’re still in doubt of their abilities, look them up in the yellow pages. Mackay Fencing is the only one in the yellow pages listed as Master Builders. And they are. Their customers are completely satisfied with their work, and they have been working for sixteen years already – a sign of assured quality. Mackay Fencing follows no standard but their own, for they set the standard other fencing and retaining wall companies.

Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes are meant to withstand the test of time. The construction is very solid. The type of wall used is the cantilever style, which uses an anchor to the ground and not to the soil it retains, making it more reliably sturdy. It would take a very strong force to knock a hole in one of their retaining walls, and much more to destroy it. You could take a car and run into one of their retaining walls and the wall wouldn’t be damaged! Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes make more than just solid and sturdy retaining walls – they make walls that will last.

You won’t be able to find any other company whose retaining walls are like Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes – at least, not without giving out much more money and inconveniencing yourself with the noise and the construction dust and debris. There is no better company for your retaining walls than Mackay Fencing’s. Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes are unique. Visit http://www.mackayfencing.com.au/the-block-blokes-retaining-walls-mackay-and-qld-regions

Brisbane graphic designers and the grid system

When it comes to graphic design, and working with professional graphic designers Brisbane, one of the many techniques that are available to graphic designers is the grid system. Not only does it give a basic structure and starting point for the design work and layout of a page, it is also a simple system that designers turn to, when they are creating content for any number of mediums, from online site design, to magazine layouts.

Content organisation -
The grid system used by Brisbane graphic designers is a method of laying out content, in order to organise that content in a systematic way. By using margins, lines, columns, rows, and grids, the system allows designers to properly lay elements out on a page, and lay them out in the most precise manner. Depending on the detail of the site, the content that is being laid out, and the manner in which it is to be seen by the end viewer, one grid, or a combination of grids can be used through all the pages on a site, in order to keep a uniform style, and to lay out the information and content in a certain manner to the end viewer of the site. Once the end result is displayed on screen (or in a magazine, newspaper, etc), the grid lines are no longer seen, but you can still see the consistent pattern if you look through all content, on all pages.

Types of grids and uses -
When graphic designers Brisbane choose the grid layout for site content, there is really no limit as to how many grids can or should be used, how they should be laid out, or how they should be created. It is simply used as a guide, to help lay out content, and give the pages some uniformity throughout. There is a common layout when it comes to grids, and some of the modifications or additions that can be made include:
- Equally sized 2, 3, or 4 column grids, which have a header at the top of the page, and full page grid of squares.
- Varied line, border, and width columns can be created using this basic pattern.
- Changes of page sises which allow for unique page designs, and content layout.
Using the grid system is a great way to lay out any page; it is a simple way to see all the content that will be used on the page, and how it will look once you are finished. Using the grids also allows designers to see whether everything fits together on the pages, how it looks, and whether changes should be made, prior to actually adding content to the sites.

Break out of grids -
Graphic designers Brisbane use the grid as a premise for design, and content layout; but, once the grid is established, and all content has been laid out, it is up to different designers how they are going to, if they are going to, and at which points in the page they are going to break out of the grid. Simple because designers break out of the traditional “grid”, does not mean that the entire system is ignored by designers; as a matter of fact, they use the grid system in many aspects of design and page layout.

Instead of throwing out the grid system, designers may choose to cross over from one grid to the next on the page layout, they choose to extend certain elements to different areas on the grid, possibly extend page breaks to create continual content, and so forth. By breaking out of the grid, designers are able to create a unique layout, they are able to create distinct content, and they are able to design a page and content that is best suited for the client that they are creating that content for.

Like any other guide or premise, Logo design Brisbane use the traditional grid system as a starting point for laying out content. It creates uniformity on a page, allows them to see what looks best where, and eventually it allows them to create, modify, and recreate the grid, in order to design a truly unique site, and one that is the best possible layout for the client they are working with.

Can I really save fuel with a Truck Wheel Alignment?

Most heavy vehicle owners in the transport industry are asking themselves – How can I save money on my running costs? How can I save on fuel consumption? Will a truck wheel alignment help?

Research & studies conducted around the world show that around 80 percent of medium to heavy vehicles are incorrectly aligned, or have a mis-alignment. If your truck, trailer or bus has incorrectly aligned wheels & axles, you have what we call increased rolling resistance when travelling on the road. This means the engine is working harder than required to push the truck along the road, and the end result is an increase in fuel consumption. Given that fuel can account for up to 50% of the operating costs of a truck or fleet, smart operators must explore all avenues to reduce fuel consumption.
Generally speaking, correcting even slight alignment issues have been shown to result in a saving of 3 – 10 percent on fuel.

3% doesn’t sound too significant does it? Lets take a closer look – One truck runs Brisbane to Sydney (return) 3 times a week (6,000 kms). That’s 312,000 kms a year. Fuel consumption average is 1.85 litres/km. That’s 577,200 litres, current local prices are around $1.49 per litre. Fuel cost for the year – $860,028.00. If you reduced fuel consumption by 3%, you would save $25,800.84!!
Your scenario may be different, but you can see that small changes can make a big difference to the bottom line of your business. There are other areas where you can save on running costs, which will be covered in another article.

If you own one truck or one hundred, and you are not having a regular truck wheel alignment performed as part of your maintenance schedule, you really need to contact your local truck wheel alignment specialist for a chat.

Truckologist is a mobile truck wheel alignment business based in Brisbane, Australia.